This is a good note--and admittedly I'm not an expert of MI ballot conventions. As reference I used this link to understand what straight-ticket voting means:

https://www.lansingstatejournal.com/story/news/politics/2020/10/24/straight-ticket-option-michigan-ballots-2020-november/3726907001/

From this Q&A what I understand is that you can choose to vote for your Party defaults, and then manually override this for individual races, such as President.

If you assume every registered Republican votes a straight-ticket (as Ayyadurai does) and then overrides their choice for individual races, then the problem reduces to what I explore in this article.

I don't think there's a major contingent of Republicans who don't select straight-ticket options and solely select individual races, which is why I framed the problem as a set of choices between all down-ballot Republicans and Republican President.

However if your intuitions are correct that Individual vs. Straight-Ticket voters are two distinct and large parts of the population, your interpretation and a model built around that would be more correct.

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